The NCRB, under the Union Ministry of Home Affairs, is responsible for collecting and analyzing data related to crime as defined by the Indian Penal Code and special and local laws in the country.
On an average of 35 unemployed and 36 self-employed people ended their lives every day in 2018, with these two categories together accounting for 26,085 suicide deaths during the year, according to government data. The report also said that the majority of suicides were from states like Maharashtra (17,972), followed by Tamil Nadu (13,896), West Bengal (13,255), Madhya Pradesh (11,775), and Karnataka (11,561). These five states together accounted for 50.9% of the total suicides reported in the country, it added.
Overall, 1,34,516 suicides were reported in India during 2018, showing an increase of 3.6 percent in comparison to 2017. The rate of suicides, which means deaths per one lakh population, also increased by 0.3 percent during 2018 over 2017, the NCRB stated.
According to the NCRB, 10,349 persons involved in the farming sector (consisting of 5,763 farmers or cultivators and 4,586 agricultural laborers) committed suicides during 2018, accounting for 7.7% of total suicides victims.
“Self-employed category accounted for 9.8 percent of total suicide victims (13,149),” the NCRB noted.
Housewives accounted for 54.1% of the total female victims (22,937 out of 42,391) and constitute nearly 17.1% of total victims who committed suicides during 2018.